body parts in spanish

Human Body Parts in Spanish

Spanish learners of the world, you are about to mug up an important language lesson: the Castilian names for our precious body parts.

We don’t want to jinx it but knowing these words might be handy in case of an emergency. There is nothing worse in an urgent situation than not being able to communicate with others because you can’t speak the language!

If you are traveling to any Spanish speaking territory, this inventory is an essential lesson.

It will allow you to ask for medical help, clearly express if you are ill or have an ache or pain, and on a more positive note, you’ll even be able to compliment your beau on their pretty eyes.

Are Body Parts in Spanish Masculine or Feminine?

Remember that Spanish words might be masculine or feminine and there is a rule of concordance for the article that may accompany the noun in the sentence.

Example:

  • Me duele el estómago. -> My stomach hurts.
  • A Miguel lo golpearon en la cabeza cuando lo asaltaron. -> Miguel was hit in the head when he was assaulted.

Body parts that come in pairs or groups such as kidneys, eyes, legs, toes, and teeth are commonly expressed in plural, thus the article and the adjective should reflect that too.

Example:

Cabello (hair) is a masculine and singular noun:

  • ¿De qué color es tu cabello? -> What color is your hair?
  • Mi cabello es castaño. -> My hair is brown.
  • Y tú, ¿eres rubia natural o te lo tiñes? -> And you, are you a natural blonde or do you dye it?
  • El champú con extracto de ginseng previene la caída del cabello. -> Ginseng extract shampoo prevents hair loss.

The word Manos (hands) is feminine and plural:

  • La artritis afecta comúnmente a las articulaciones de las manos. -> Arthritis commonly affects the joints of the hands.
  • ¡Este hombre tiene manos de pianista! -> This man has the hands of a pianist!
  • José, siento mucho no poder ayudarte, estoy atado de manos. -> José, I am sorry I can´t help you, my hands are tied.
  • Mariana posee manos mágicas, es una excelente masajista. -> Mariana has magic hands, she is an excellent masseuse.

Body Parts Name in Spanish

human body parts in spanish

Let’s start with exploring the human body (cuerpo humano) from top to bottom and learning the body parts (partes del cuerpo).

HEAD
Cabeza Head
Cabello Hair
Cara Face
Frente Forehead
Pómulos Cheekbone
Mentón Chin
Ojos Eyes
Párpados Eyelids
Nariz Nose
Boca Mouth
Labios Lips
Lengua Tongue
Orejas Ears
Oídos Inner ear
Cuello Neck
Nuca Nape
UPPER BODY
Tronco/Torso Trunk/Torso
Hombros Shoulders
Espalda Back
Pecho Chest
Abdomen Abdomen
Ombligo Belly button
Brazos Arms
Axila Armpit
Codos Elbows
Manos Hands
Muñeca Wrists
Dedos Finger
Uñas Nails
LOWER BODY
Cadera Hip
Nalgas Buttocks
Piernas Legs
Rodillas Knees
Pies Feet
Tobillo Ankle
Talón Heel
Dedos de los pies Toes

Hopefully, you will be spared the embarrassing moment when you have to talk about your private parts! But you never know, so here they are.

PRIVATE PARTS
Partes privadas Private parts
Vagina Vagina
Útero Uterus
Pezón Nipple
Pene Penis
Testículo Testicle

Particular Body Parts in Spanish

body parts name in spanish

Now, let’s get more specific and review how much do you remember from your anatomy class in high school.

COMMON BONES
Cráneo Skull
Columna vertebral Spine
Costillas Ribs
Clavícula Collar bone
Pelvis Pelvis
Fémur Femur
Tibia Tibia
Peroné Fibula
Mandíbula Jaw
Húmero Humerus
Radio Radius
Cúbito Ulna
COMMON ORGANS
Corazón Heart
Cerebro Brain
Estómago Stomach
Intestino Intestine
Riñones Kidneys
Hígado Liver
Vejiga Bladder
Piel Skin
TISSUES
Órgano Organ
Músculo Muscle
Huesos Bones
Ligamento Ligament
Articulación Joint
Cartílago Cartilage

How about the body systems? Can you recall them? Are you ready to learn them? Notice that there are more similarities than in most groups of words from this article.

BODY SYSTEMS
Sistema digestivo Digestive system
Sistema inmunológico Immune system
Sistema urinario Urinary system
Sistema óseo Osseous system
Sistema endócrino Endocrine system
Sistema linfático Lymphatic system
Sistema reproductivo Reproductive system

Spanish Body Parts and Body Aches

The following is a register of basic words that would be used in case you needed medical assistance.

MEDICAL RELATED EVERYDAY WORDS
Doctor/Doctora Doctor
Enfermero/Enfermera Nurse
Partera Midwife
Ambulancia Ambulance
Silla de ruedas Wheelchair
Urgencias Emergency room
Hospital Hospital
Quirófano Operating room
Clínica médica Medical clinic
Clínica dental Dental clinic
Clínica veterinaria Veterinary clinic
Laboratorio médico Medical laboratory
Consulta médica Medical consultation
body parts in spanish

Next, study the list of more complex phrases that will allow you to ask for help and react in case of an emergency.

IN CASE OF AN EMERGENCY
¡Auxilio! Help!
¡Es una emergencia! It is an emergency!
Voy a desmayarme. I am going to faint.
Me duele… It hurts…
Necesito su ayuda, por favor. I need your help, please.
Me siento mal. I don’t feel well.
He tenido un accidente. I’ve had an accident.
¿Es usted médico? Are you a doctor?
¿Dónde puedo encontrar un doctor? Where can I find a doctor?
¿En dónde está el hospital más cercano? Where is the nearest hospital?
Me gustaría agendar una cita con el doctor, por favor. I would like to schedule an appointment with the doctor, please.

Lastly, you can find an inventory of common health afflictions. With a bit of luck you won’t need their Spanish names to talk about yourself, but it may provide an interesting topic for an animated conversation.

COMMON HEALTH AFFLICTIONS
Dolor de estómago Stomach ache
Dolor de cabeza Head ache
Diarrea Diarrhea
Vómito Vomit
Deshidratación Dehydration
Varicela Chicken pox
Gripe Common cold
Influenza Flu
Náuseas Sickness
Inflamación Inflammation
Comezón Itching
Sarpullido Rash
Insomnio Insomnia
Reacción alérgica Allergy reaction
Intolerancia alimenticia Food intolerance
Fractura de hueso Broken bone
Esguince Sprain

If you are looking to expand your Spanish vocabulary and learn more about how to talk like a true local, start with our Spanish Survival Crash Course. Each day for six days, we’ll send e-books and audio files to your inbox to help you get a basic foundation for the language, totally FREE!

Your Spanish language learning journey is awaiting!

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