fruits and vegetables in spanish

If you are hungry to learn about fruits and vegetables in Spanish (frutas y vegetales) and be able to shop confidently in your travels, this article is for you!

Fruits and vegetables in Spanish

As in many cases, some names may vary according to the region you are in. This phenomenon is similar to what happens between the United Kingdom, the United States, and Australia.

For example, beetroot is called “betabel” in Mexico, “remolacha” in Spain, and “betarraga” in Chile and Colombia. But at least these inventories will provide you a first glance to a great culinary experience.

Let’s begin!

Frutas – Fruits

Common fruit names in Spanish

This is your basic list of everyday fruits. Yes, a tomato is a fruit, not a veggie!

COMMON FRUITS
SPANISH ENGLISH
Jitomate Tomato
Manzana Apple
Naranja Orange
Naranja Orange
Pera Pear
Plátano Banana
Uva Grape

Exotic and tropical fruits in Spanish

Now, if you are feeling adventurous, this is the directory of fruits from the tropical and semi-tropical regions. Some have striking names as well as exotic looks!

TROPICAl/EXOTIC FRUITS IN SPANISH
SPANISH ENGLISH
Carambola Star fruit
Chico zapote Sapote apple/Black sapote
Coco Coconut
Guanábana Soursop
Guayaba Guava
Kiwi Kiwi fruit
Lichi Lychee
Mamey Mamey sapote
Mangostán Mangosteen
Maracuyá Passion fruit
Noni Noni
Papaya Papaya
Pérsimo Persimon
Piña Pinapple
Pitaya Dragon fruit
Rambután Rambutan
Tuna Prickly pear

Stone fruits in Spanish

These fruits are more common in the United States and in Europe. The list includes avocado and mango, which actually grow in hot and humid weather but are stone fruits.

Many have taken a great interest in being able to order these fruits in Spanish because of their nutritional profiles.

Then again, mango is one of the few, along with kiwi, which has the same name in English and Spanish.

STONE FRUITS
SPANISH ENGLISH
Aguacate Avocado
Almendra Almond
Cereza Cherry
Chabacano Apricot
Ciruela Plum
Durazno Peach
Mango Mango
Nectarina Nectarine
fruits and vegetables in spanish

Citric fruits in Spanish

Citric fruits are known for their impressive scores of vitamin C contents and their bounties of health benefits. They are the bitter-sweet kind of guy of the fruity gang.

CITRIC FRUITS
SPANISH ENGLISH
Clementina Clementine
Lima Sweet lime
Limón Lime
Limón amarillo (Meyer) Lemon
Mandarina Mandarin
Pomelo Pomelo
Toronja Grapefruit

Types of berries and their names in Spanish

Berries are diverse and grow in different climates around the globe. The list below contains your classic strawberry from California to the goji berry from China and the golden berries from the Andean mountains.

You will find that many people in Mexico use the English name for the blueberry.

BERRIES
SPANISH ENGLISH
Arándano Cranberry
Frambuesa Raspberry
Fresa Strawberry
Goji Goji berry
Mora azul Blueberry
Uchuva/Uvilla de los Andes Golden berry
Zarzamora Blackberry

Spanish names for melons

The register is short but their colors and taste are long-lasting. Cucumber belongs to the same botanical family of melon, watermelon, and squashes actually.

MELONS
SPANISH ENGLISH
Calabacín Courgette/Zucchini
Calabaza de castilla Pumpkin
Melón Cantaloupe melon
Melón verde Honey dew melon
Pepino Cucumber
Sandía Watermelon

Verduras – Vegetables

vegetables in spanish

Common vegetables in Spanish

This catalogue includes usual vegetables you can find in supermarkets and farmer markets in Spanish speaking countries.

COMMON VEGGIES
SPANISH ENGLISH
Alcachofa Artichoke
Apio Celery
Berenjena Eggplant/Aubergine
Brócoli Broccoli
Calabaza de castilla Pumpkin
Calabaza/Calabacín Courgette/Zucchini
Chile Chili pepper
Col/Repollo Cabbage
Coliflor Cauliflower
Ejote/Judía/Habichuela/Poroto French bean/Runner bean
Espárrago Asparagus
Nopal Cactus leaf
Pimiento/Pimentón Bell pepper
Tomatillo/Tomate verde Tomatillo

Salad greens in Spanish

This list is for salad lovers and ever-lasting dieters.

SPANISH ENGLISH
Acelga Swiss chard
Arúgula Rocket
Berros Watercress
Berza Kale
Espinaca Spinach
Lechuga Lettuce

Alliums in Spanish

No fresh produce record would be complete without onion and garlic, two of the most used ingredients in modern cooking.

ALLUIMS
SPANISH ENGLISH
Ajo Garlic
Cebolla Onion
Cebollín Chives
Cebollita cambray Spring onion
Echalote Shalot
Poro/puerro Leek

Aromatic herbs in Spanish

vegetables in spanish

Since we are talking about seasoning, cooking herbs can’t be left out of the listings, so here they are with their fragrant glory.

HERBS
SPANISH ENGLISH
Albahaca Basil
Cilantro Coriander
Hierbabuena Peppermint
Menta Mint
Orégano Oregano
Perejil Parsley
Romero Rosemary
Salvia Sage
Tomillo Thyme

Roots and supds in Spanish

They are humble, and sometimes misunderstood, but their earthy flavors have earned them a spot in this foodie editorial piece.

ROOTS & SPUDS
SPANISH ENGLISH
Betabel/Remolacha/Betarraga Beetroot
Camote amarillo/Batata Sweet potato
Cúrcuma Turmeric
Jengibre Ginger
Papa cambray New potato
Papa/Patata Potato
Rábano Raddish
Zanahoria Carrot

Cereales y legumbres – Cereals and legumes

These food groups are generally found between crossed-fire.

Some nutrition experts may say that humans are not equipped to digest them, whilst others swear by chickpeas and beans and recommend cereal and legumes as the main source of protein.

The fact is that wheat, rice, and corn are fundamental crops in diverse communities of the planet since the beginning of civilization.

Nonetheless, gluten-free products, as well as ancient-grain baked goods, have raised their sales in the last decade. Whichever your dietary preferences or needs are it may be handy to know their names.

COMMON GRAINS AND LEGUMES
SPANISH ENGLISH
Alforfón Buckwheat
Amaranto Amaranth
Arroz Rice
Cebada Barley
Centeno Rye
Chícharo/Arveja/Guisante Pea
Elote Corn on the cob
Frijol Bean
Garbanzo Chickpea
Haba Green bean
Lenteja Lentil
Maíz/Choclo Maize/Corn
Malta Malt
Mijo Millet
Quinoa/Quínua Quinoa
Sorgo Sorghum
Teff Teff
Trigo Wheat

Hopefully your curiosity has been sparked as well as your appetite for Spanish education. The perfect way to master fruits and vegetables in Spanish — along with other basic Spanish knowledge like verb conjugation, is to sign up for our FREE Spanish Survival Crash Course. Every day for six days, we’ll send learning guides and audio courses to your inbox, totally FREE!

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