german

Many students are scared of learning German. To be honest, some grammar rules are very difficult but, to some extent, it can be easier than English. Because of its nature, I decided to gather five negative reasons against learning German and five positive ones in favour of learning it.

Five reasons why it is hard to learn German and five reasons why it is not that hard:

NO: 1. Because the same thing can be said in 500 different ways

German has a very rich vocabulary. This is due in part to its incredible ability to create new words through the Wortbildung, the union of more existing words with one or more suffixes. Moreover, because of the strong French cultural domination in the eighteenth century, which has resulted in linguistic domination, to express many concepts at that time there was French word (or a root coming from other Romance languages), Afterwards, Romanticism arrived in the nineteenth century, rising nationalism, there were linguists who have literally created German words to express the same concept (examples: Aufteilung / Division, definition = Bestimmung / Definition).So, many things can be said in German with two completely different words, but they have an identical meaning, choosing a word instead of another may only depend on stylistic criteria. Unfortunately, this even happens for sentences and idioms.

Even if you have been studying German for more than 10 years and you know four different ways of asking “how are you?”, There will always be that day when you come accross to a native speaker who   uses that fifth one you don’t know. And you’ll be shocked, asking yourself how it is possible that after 10 years of study can not still figure out such a trivial expressions.

YES: 1.Nouns can be recognized because they are written with a capital letter
Even if you have never studied this language, you will notice that , for example, a German instruction manual has a lot of words written with a capital letters. It is the noun. This practice, began with Luther’s time, was often argued, but never abandoned ultimately: Germans think it gives a better understanding of a a text, recognizing names immediately.

NO: 2. The spoken language is so different from the written one

This language commonly spoken in informal situations is completely different from the written one. Indeed it has another name, the so-called Umgangssprache, (common language) and its lexicon has even been collected in dictionaries. Germans uses a lot of , apparently, meaningless words to give an intonaton to the sentence such as mal, schon, halt, doch … It is said that the level of use of these words distinguishes a true native speaker from a person who has been learning it as a second language, even if he/she does speak German very well.Because of that, probably, a German guy will not ask you “Wie geht’s?” (how are you?) but rather “Wie läuft’s?” Or “Wie ist es? “.

YES: 2. German has few tenses

For example (an important example!),the so-called Konjunktiv is used in two different ways: 1) to bring primarily somebody else’s views 2) to form the hypothetical period (Konjunktiv 2).

 

What about the other 3 reasons left? Please check the next post out.

 

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