xia

As all language learners know, studying a language is not only learning verbs and structures, but also learning about different mindsets and “thinking” in somebody else’s language. For those who study Chinese, for example, some additional words can be challenging. Today we see 上(shang) and下 (xia). In the next 2 articles we deal with other directional words.


Up and Down,
and

 Time

从上午11:00到下午1:00之间的时间段就像半腰上一块 标记, 中国人称之为(Cóng shàngwǔ 11:00 Dào xiàwǔ 1:00 Zhī jiān de shíjiān duàn jiù xiàng bàn yāo shàng yīkuài biāojì, zhōngguó rénchēng zhī wèi “wǔ”).

The period from 11:00 a.m. to 1:00 p.m. is like a mark at the halfway point(午wu). As Chinese people call it.

So, we have:

早上 (zaoshang) = early morning

上午 (shangwu) = morning

下午 (xiawu) = afternoon

晚上 (wanshang) = evening

Vehicles/ Transport

 

上车 = Getting In

下车 = Getting out

 上= get on/in

下 = get off/out

(che) = car

公共汽车 (gonggongchiche) = bus

地铁 (ditie) = underground

(chuan) = ship/boat

Examples:

请在第 (下车) , 在第八站 (上车){ Qǐng zài dì sān zhàn (xià chē), zài dì bā zhàn (shàng chē)}.Please get off at the third stop, and get on at the eighth stop.

 船的时间到了。(Xiàchuán de shíjiān dàole)It’s time to disembark.

 

Work, Class, etc.

(ke) = class/lesson

上课 = to start a class

下课 = to finish a class

(ban) = duty/shift

上班 = to go to work

下班 = to finish to work

Examples:

我们下午5:00下班 ( Wǒmen xiàwǔ 5:00 Xiàbān)We get off work at 5:00 p.m.

我儿子每周四晚上6:00到7:00上钢琴课(Wǒ érzi měi zhōu sì wǎnshàng 6:00 Dào 7:00 Shàng bālěi kè)My son has piano class from 6:00 p.m. to 7:00 p.m. every Thursday.

我下后去酒吧 (Wǒ xiàbān hòu qù jiǔbā)I will go to the library after work.

早上7:30, 女儿上学,丈夫上班 (Zǎoshang 7:30, Nǚ’ér shàngxué, wǒ zhàngfū shàngbān)At 7:30 a.m., my daughter goes to school and my husband goes to work.

Internet

(wang) = network/net

上网 = being online

下网= being offline

Example:

你可以在大学我的笔记本电脑上网(Nǐ kěyǐ zài dàxué yòng wǒ de bǐjìběn diànnǎo shàngwǎng)You can use my laptop to surf the internet at the university.

Dinner Time

(cai) = dish

上菜 = to serve the food

Example:

我的朋友们都到了, 该上菜了(Wǒ de péngyǒumen dōu dàole, gāi shàng càile)All my friends have arrived, so it’s time to serve dinner.

See you next time with前 and !

 

Be Sociable, Share!

Comments are closed.