colombian spanish

Colombia is a country that captivates everyone who comes. It’s a place possessing an irresistible appeal that’s difficult to pinpoint.

For me, one of the reasons I came was the language. I studied Spanish for three years in high school, but never spent more time than that. By living in Colombia for five months, I hoped to improve.

When I arrived in Medellin, the city I chose to call home, I didn’t take language lessons the moment I arrived. But even without them, it didn’t take me long to pick up the basics.

Every taxi ride, restaurant order, and grocery visit put me in the thick of speaking Spanish. There’s no better way to learn a language than through immersion.

If you’re looking for somewhere to learn Spanish, Colombia is a great place to go. Here’s why.

Colombia Is Affordable

At the time of this writing, $1 US dollar is worth a little more than $3,000 Colombian pesos. A visit to Colombia won’t break the bank if you’re coming from the western world.

If you stay long term, you can rent a furnished room in a shared apartment or house for less than $400 a month. One of the places I stayed, found in the Stadium neighborhood of Medellin, cost only $300-330 USD a month. Amenities included my own private bathroom as well as a housekeeper.

Meals are cheap, too. Many restaurants serve lunch specials that won’t cost more than $4 USD.

The menu del día often consists of a soup, salad, and side of rice accompanied with a main dish like chicken, beef, or pork. Drinks also come included.

Colombia Is Diverse

You’d think a country with only 50 million people wouldn’t have much diversity. But in fact, it does.

Are you a fan of beaches and tropical weather? Then head to Santa Marta, on the Caribbean coast. There you’ll discover strong influences of African culture.

Or, do you prefer a place with cooler climate? Then, head to Bogota. It has a burgeoning restaurant scene that draws foodies worldwide.

But if you want something just right, consider Medellin. Located close to the equator, the city of Eternal Spring has temperate climate all year round.

Because of the rich diversity, each region around Colombia speaks Spanish in its own way. There are phrases, expressions, and colloquialisms that are unique to each area.


The Regional Differences of Colombian Spanish

I spent most of my time in Medellin, but was fortunate to befriend a few people from Bogota. I also visited the Caribbean coast for an extended time. Since those are the areas I’m most familiar with, this section focuses on them.

But before diving into regional specifics, I’d like to fill you in on one universal expression. “No dar papaya” is a colloquialism translated in English that means “don’t give papaya”. But this phrase has nothing to do with the fruit. Instead, it’s a useful metaphor to know for anyone that visits.

Though Colombia has moved forward from its checkered past, petty crime still happens. This doesn’t mean that Colombia is unsafe. Rather, it means that visitors should be careful about what they carry.

Hide from plainview expensive things like smartphones and jewelry. As long as you’re aware and conduct yourself low-key, you won’t worry about giving away any papaya.

Now, onto the regional differences.

Rolo Spanish

This is the Spanish dialect of Bogota. When most people think of Colombian Spanish, the Rolo dialect is what comes to mind. Rolos speak more formal, and often place accents at the end of each word. As a result, phrases in Rolo Spanish can sound like questions.

Words and Expressions to Know

Paisa Spanish

The Spanish spoken in the northwest region of Colombia falls under the Paisa dialect. In this part of Colombia, the manner of speech is melodic and singsongy. Paisas also pronounce double l’s like j’s instead of y’s. For example, the pronunciation of Medellin becomes Mede-jean in Paisa Spanish. It’s also one of the more understandable types of Spanish spoken in Colombian. Paisa Spanish is vanilla, which makes the region great  for learning and practicing.

Words and Expressions to Know

Costeño Spanish

Cartagena, Barranquilla, and Santa Marta are popular places on the Caribbean coast. If you visit them, prepare to listen carefully. That’s because people from the Caribbean speak very fast. Their rapid speech makes them challenging to understand for many Spanish novices. Costeño Spanish has a choppy quality to it as well. Last parts of words aren’t often pronounced, which adds to the challenge of trying to learn.

Words and Expressions to Know


For many travelers, Colombia is a country that flies under the radar. But with its affordability and diversity, Colombia won’t go unnoticed for much longer. If learning Spanish is your dream, then Colombia is a wonderful place to make it a reality.

If you are looking to learn the basics of Colombian Spanish before a trip to the country, , start with our Spanish Survival Crash Course. Each day for six days, we’ll send e-books and audio files to your inbox to help you get a basic foundation for the language, totally FREE!

Jonathan Santiago is a freelance writer. He covers a variety of topics including marketing, career, travel, lifestyle, and more. Follow him on Twitter and Instagram.



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