Spanish Verb Conjugation Practice

Practice your Spanish verb conjugations



Practice with over 600 Spanish verbs! Just pick the Spanish verb tense you want to practice and get started:



What is a verb?

A verb is a part of speech that expresses action, existence, or occurrence.


What is an infinitive?

An infinitive is the basic verb form. In English we call it a verbal. It does not tell who is performing the action in a sentence (person). or when the action is taking place (tense).


How does one identify an infinitive?

In English: It is a verb form which begins with the word "to".

    Example: to speak, to eat, to live.

In Spanish: It is a verb form which ends with the letters "-ar", "-er", or "-ir".

    Example: hablar, comer, vivir.

Note: Some Spanish words which are not verb forms also end in these letters, but they are not infinitives since they aren't verbs!


What are the parts of a Spanish infinitive?

1. The Stem
2. The Ending

    Example: Hablar, which means "to speak or to talk".

    HABLar (habl is the stem) HablAR (ar is the ending)


What kinds of Spanish verbs are there?

  • Regular verbs

  • Irregular verbs (You will hate these!)

  • Spelling-change verbs (the endings are regular)

  • Stem-changing verbs (also called "shoe verbs" – the endings are regular)

  • Reflexive verbs (most any verb can be reflexive)


What are regular verbs?

Regular verbs follow a regular pattern in the way they are conjugated.


What is verb conjugation?

Verb conjugation is the process where the infinitive is changed in order to identify:

1. when the action is taking place, etc. (this is called verb tense).
    Example: I speak, I spoke, I will speak, etc.

2. who is performing the action, etc. (this is called person).
    Example: I speak, he speaks, she speaks, we speak, they speak, etc.


Why are verbs conjugated?

To determine 2 things:

1. who is performing the action of the verb (person). 2. when the action is taking place (tense).

How are regular verbs conjugated?

To conjugate a verb in Spanish you drop the ending of the infinitive and add a new stem. Here are some examples.

Drop the verb ending from the infinitive: Add a new ending to the stem:
Hablar: drop the ar, leaving only the stem HABL. habl + o = hablo (I speak)
Comer: drop the er, leaving only the stem COM. com + o = como (I eat)
Vivir: drop the ir, leaving only the stem VIV viv + o = vivo ( I live)

What are the new endings to be added to the stem?

The ending depends upon 2 situations:

1. the verb tense (when the action is happening) 2. the person (who is performing the action)

What are the new endings for verbs ending in –ar?

The endings are -o, -as, -a, -amos, -an in the present indicative tense. Here is an example with the verb "hablar".

Yo hablo = I speak Nosotros hablamos = We speak
Tú hablas = You speak Vosotros habláis = You (all) speak
Él habla = He speaks
Ella habla = She speaks
Usted habla = You speak
Ellos or Ellas hablan = They speak
Ustedes hablan= You (all) speak

You can find and practice the conjugation of over 400 -AR verbs by clicking below.

Practice -AR Verbs

What are the new endings for verbs ending in –er?

The endings are –o, -es, -e, -emos, -en in the present indicative tense. Here is an example with the verb "comer".

Yo como = I speak Nosotros comamos = We speak
Tú comas = You speak Vosotros comáis = You (all) speak
Él coma = He speaks
Ella coma = She speaks
Usted coma = You speak
Ellos or Ellas coman = They speak
Ustedes coman= You (all) speak

You can find and practice the conjugation of over 100 -ER verbs by clicking below.

Practice -ER Verbs

What are the new endings for verbs ending in –ir?

The endings are –o, -es, -e, -imos, en in the present indicative tense. Here is an example with the verb "vivir".

Yo vivo = I speak Nosotros vivamos = We speak
Tú vivas = You speak Vosotros viváis = You (all) speak
Él viva = He speaks
Ella viva = She speaks
Usted viva = You speak
Ellos or Ellas vivan = They speak
Ustedes vivan= You (all) speak

You can find and practice the conjugation of over 100 -IR verbs by clicking below.

Practice -IR Verbs

How does one know which ending to use?

That’s simple!

It depends upon the subject. If the subject is I, you use –o; if it is we, you use –amos, etc. Remember, always look for the subject first!


How many Spanish "verb tenses" are there?

There are 14 Spanish verb tenses. This includes 7 simple tenses(1 verb), and 7 compound tenses (a verb preceded by a helping verb).

Note: It is important that each student master the Present Indicative tense as well as possible. The concepts and principles related to verbs that are learned in studying the Present tense will make the other tenses much easy.


What is the verb chart?

Language students study verbs by means of the “verb chart”. This is simply a means of visualizing the concept of verb conjugation and is used as a tool for learning this concept.

Eventually all students who wish to become fluent in a language must actually learn what the individual words (conjugated verbs) mean. This comes from lots of practice. In the meantime, the verb chart is an effective tool to help the student through the early stages.

Learn More About Verb Charts

What are subject pronouns?

Subject pronouns are simply pronouns used as the subject of a sentence.

English Subject Pronouns

I We
You (familiar) You (familiar) in Spain
He, She, It, and You (formal) They and You (plural)

Spanish Subject Pronoun View

yo nosotros & nosotras
vosotros & vosotras
él, ella, and usted (Ud.) ellos, ellas, and ustedes (Uds.)

What’s the difference between the “formal” and “familiar”?

Spanish speaking people have a unique way of speaking to other people that requires using one of two verb forms. These are called the formal and the familiar (sometimes called the informal).

These are used when one person is speaking to another person or persons, not when speaking about them.

In Spain and the Canary Islands they also use two forms depending whether they are speaking to one person or more than one person (see note below). However, Spanish speakers in Latin America and the United States use only one form in speaking to more than one person, regardless of who they are.


What is the familiar?

The familiar uses the tú form of the verb. This is sometimes called the 2nd person singular. (Spain uses the vosotros form, sometimes called the 2nd person plural.)


When is the familiar used?

When speaking to close family members, friends, members of your own peer group, small children, and sometimes pets. This rule varies from one Spanish speaking country to another and from one family to another.


When is the formal used?

Spanish speaking people use the formal in all cases where they would not use the familiar. It is used when you are not acquainted with the other person, when the person has authority over you, when it is proper to show respect to the other person (such as children talking to adults), or whenever you are in doubt what form you should use.

Examples:

English Familiar/Informal Spanish Formal Spanish
How are you? ¿Cómo estás tú? ¿Cómo está usted?
What’s your name? ¿Cómo te llamas tú? ¿Cómo se llama Ud?
Where are you going? ¿Adónde vas? ¿Adónde va Ud?
Do you speak Spanish? ¿Hablas tú español? ¿Habla usted español?
Do you want the book? ¿Quieres tú el libro? ¿Quiere Ud. el libro?
Are you waiting for the train? ¿Esperas tú el tren? ¿Espera Ud. el tren?


What is unique about the formal used in Spain?

Latin Americans and Spanish speaking people in the United States usually use the familiar only when talking to one person. When they are speaking to more than one person they will use the same form regardless to whom they are speaking. Here are some examples using the English phrase "do you have my book?".

Latin America/The United States Spain/The Canary Islands
(Talking to a friend)
¿Tienes mi libro?
(Talking to a friend)
¿Tienes mi libro?
(Talking to 2 or more friends)
¿Tienen ustedes mi libro?
(Talking to 2 or more friends)
¿Tenéis vosotros mi libro?
(Talking to 2 or more people to whom you owe respect)
¿Tienen ustedes mi libro?
(Talking to 2 or more people to whom you owe respect)
¿Tienen ustedes mi libro?

What is the best way to learn verbs?

Keep it simple!
Practice!
Study!
Write!
Ask your Spanish teacher!

Sorry, but nothing beats old-fashioned hard work!