DLI - Chinese Language Course - General Courses

We made using the DLI - Chinese Language Course - General Courses material easier to use and more effective. You can now read the ebook (in the pane on the left), listen to the audio (pane to the right) and practice your pronunciation (use on the Pronunciation Tool tab on right) all at the same time.

The DLI - Chinese Language Course - General Courses material can be used both as a self-guided course or with the assistance of a qualified Chinese tutor.

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NOTE: To read the file, listen to the audios and use the pronunciation tab on your computer or device you need to have a PDF reader and a modern browser.


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Defense Language Institute Chinese (Mandarin) - Image When using Elementary Chinese Reader keep in mind that this instsructional program is designed to build your comprehension a step at a time on concepts you clearly understand. Therefore, we recommend that you do not go on to new material until you feel sure of the material you've already completed.

There will be times when English definitions of Chinese grammar may be difficult to understand. The original text and grammar notes come from the People's Republic of China, and the English explanations are not always very clear. Also, keep in mind that certain words and phrases in Chinese have no acceptable English counterparts. Therefore, it will be necessary for you to infer their meaning from context. Don't be afraid to do this. If you have experience in studying Chinese, we recommend that you start with lesson 11.

Lesson format varies but certain items will usually be present. Each lesson includes a text, grammar drills, new vocabulary, exercises, and a character table. Attempt translating:the text of each lesson before going on to the vocabulary list. This gives you a chance to develop your contextual translation skills. After becoming familiar with the new words, translate the text into English to check your ability to figure out the meaning from context.

The "Exercise" portion of each lesson is designed to check your progress and indicate what you have or have not learned. If you have an instructor, the interplay between the two of you will shot you just how much you understand. In the event you must use these materials without an instructor, the exercises are still useful. If you're not sure of a grammar point or vocabulary item, make a note of it. The grammar index included in the Manual of Administration and the vocabulary listing provide a comprehensive listing. If you are unable to find' a specific or similar example, the textbook is organized in groups of four lessons including a review lesson which normally covers all important grammar points. Each lesson text includes similar constructions to the ones used in the exer-cises. These provide a context to work from to clarify how the construc-tion:is used in the language.

Chinese is a group of related but in many cases mutually unintelligible language varieties, forming a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family. Chinese is spoken by the Han majority and many other ethnic groups in China. Nearly 1.2 billion people (around 16% of the world's population) speak some form of Chinese as their first language.

The varieties of Chinese are usually described by native speakers as dialects of a single Chinese language, but linguists note that they are as diverse as a language family. The internal diversity of Chinese has been likened to that of the Romance languages, but may be even more varied. There are between 7 and 13 main regional groups of Chinese (depending on classification scheme), of which the most spoken, by far, is Mandarin (about 960 million), followed by Wu (80 million), Yue (70 million) and Min (70 million). Most of these groups are mutually unintelligible, although some, like Xiang and the Southwest Mandarin dialects, may share common terms and some degree of intelligibility. All varieties of Chinese are tonal and analytic.

Chinese (Mandarin) is spoken in: China

Chinese (Mandarin) is also called: Beifang Fangyan, Guanhua, Guoyu, Hanyu, Hoton, Huayu, Hui, Hui-Zu, Hytad, Kuoyu, Mandarin, Northern Chinese, Putonghua, Qotong, Standard Chinese, Xui

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