DLI - Serbian Language Course - Basic Course

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Defense Language Institute Serbian  - Image This is an introductory course to modern standard Serbian that uses a novel approach to teaching a foreign language - a multi-media method that actually makes it fun to learn a language.

Modern standard Serbian constitutes the official language in the Republic of Serbia with its provinces Vojvodina and Kosovo and the Republic of Monte Negro. The rest of the world officially refers to the Serbian Language as Serbo-Croatian Language. However, after the war of 1990-1995 the Republic of Yugoslavia split into six separate republics. Local authorities of each republic declared separate languages:

Serbian - spoken in Serbia (Vojvodina and Kosovo) and Monte Negro;
Bosnian - spoken in Bosnia and Herzegovina;
Croatian - spoken in Croatia;
Slovenian - spoken in Slovenia;
Macedonian - spoken in Macedonia.

Serbo-Croatian Language Yugoslavia had three official languages: Serbo-Croatian, Slovenian, and Macedonian. Serbo-Croatian was the dominant language, spoken by about 75 percent of the population, reflecting the dominance of the Serbs (36 percent) and the Croats (20 percent) in the ethnic makeup of the country. The two groups utilized different written languages, with the Serbs using the Cyrillic alphabet. Slovenian and Macedonian are closely related to Serbo-Croatian. The Yugoslav constitution guaranteed freedom of religion and the separation of church and state, and about half the population belonged to the Serbian or another Orthodox church; another 30 percent were Roman Catholic (mostly Croats and Slovenes), and about 10 percent were Muslim. Mass communication in Yugoslavia was controlled by the state, but the Yugoslav press retained a degree of independence. Comprehensive social welfare, including health and retirement insurance was provided by the government.

There are approximately 16 million inhabitants of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Monte Negro and Serbia. Most people are Muslims who lived in or are refugees from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croats, Montenegrins, and Serbs. Serbo-Croatian constitutes, along with the Slovenian language, the western group of the South Slavic branch of the Slavic languages. It has three main dialects: Cakavian, spoken primarily on the Adriatic islands and along the coast; Kajkavian, spoken in northwest Croatia and forming a transition to Slovenian; and Stokavian, spoken in the rest of the territory. Beside three main dialects, Serbo-Croatian also has three sub-dialects ekavian, jekavian and ikavian. Ekavian sub-dialect is spoken in Serbia, Vojvodina, and Slovenia. The jekavian is spoken in Bosnia, Central Croatia and Monte Negro. Lastly, ikavian is used along the Adriatic cost-Dalmatia. The difference between the three sub dialects is in the pronunciation of the sound "e" (as in "end" or "the") in a word.

Serbian is the standardized variety of the Serbo-Croatian language used chiefly by Serbs in Serbia, Montenegro, and Bosnia and Herzegovina. In addition, it is a recognized minority language in Croatia, Macedonia, Romania, Hungary, Slovakia, the Czech Republic, Albania and Greece. Standard Serbian is based on the most widespread dialect of Serbo-Croatian, Shtokavian (more specifically on umadija-Vojvodina and Eastern Herzegovinian dialects), which is also the basis of Standard Croatian, Bosnian, and Montenegrin The other dialect spoken by Serbs is Torlakian in southeastern Serbia, which is transitional to Macedonian and Bulgarian.?

Serbian is spoken in: Serbia

Serbian is also called: Bosnian, Montenegrin

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