FSI - Italian Programmed Course
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This FSI Programmed Italian course is designed to introduce you to spoken Italian. It covers virtually the entire sound-system of the language and introduces the basic grammatical categories (Gender, Number, Unit Noun Markers, Person, Tense). Although verb forms are for the most part limited to the Present tense, a few other forms including Past tense and Future tense forms are also presented and practiced. The vocabulary and structure in this volume allows for participation in such situations as talking on the telephone, ordering a meal, discussing daily activities, requesting or telling someone to do something.
The course consists of thirty units (numbered 1 through 30) preceded by four preliminary units (A,B,C,D). The preliminary units contain information and certain principles that are fundamental to the study of Italian. They are:
A - What Is Italian?
B - Sounds or Letters?
C - Sounds and Sound-classes
D - Stress
A RECAPITULATION of the major points presented is found after Units X, XV, XX, XXV and XXX. Vocabulary lists are at the end of the volume.
The thirty-four units of this volume are in a programmed format. This means that information is presented and practiced in very small steps. The steps are numbered and referred to as 'frames.' A unit may have as few as 27 frames (Units D and 2) or as many as 117 frames (Unit 29). Because of the programmed format, the material is self-instructional and requires the use of an audio player and a way to record your voice.
Italian (About this sound italiano or lingua italiana) is a Romance language spoken mainly in Europe: Italy, Switzerland, San Marino, Vatican City, by minorities in Malta, Monaco, Croatia, Slovenia, France, Libya, Eritrea, and Somalia, and by expatriate communities in the Americas and Australia. Many speakers are native bilinguals of both standardised Italian and other regional languages. According to the Bologna statistics of the European Union, Italian is spoken as a mother tongue by 59 million people in the EU (13% of the EU population), mainly in Italy, and as a second language by 14 million (3%). Including the Italian speakers in non-EU European countries (such as Switzerland and Albania) and on other continents, the total number of speakers is more than 85 million. In Switzerland, Italian is one of four official languages; it is studied and learned in all the confederation schools and spoken, as mother language, in the Swiss cantons of Ticino and Grigioni and by the Italian immigrants that are present in large numbers in German- and French-speaking cantons. It is also the official language of San Marino, as well as the primary language of Vatican City. It is co-official in Slovenian Istria and in Istria County in Croatia. The Italian language adopted by the state after the unification of Italy is based on Tuscan, which beforehand was a language spoken mostly by the upper class of Florentine society. Its development was also influenced by other Italian languages and by the Germanic languages of the post-Roman invaders.
Italian is spoken in: Italy
Italian is also called: Italiano