Peace Corps - Kyrghyz Language Competencies

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The Peace Corps - Kyrghyz Language Competencies material can be used both as a self-guided course or with the assistance of a qualified Kyrgyz tutor.

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US Peace Corps Kyrgyz  - Image COURSE OVERVIEW
This textbook is designed for use by Peace Corps volunteers learning Kirghiz in preparation for serving in Kirghistan. It takes a competency-based approach to language learning, focusing on specific tasks the learner will need to accomplish through language. Some competencies are related to work tasks and others to survival needs or social transactions. An introductory section gives basic information about Kirghiz phonology, alphabet, and grammar.

The instructional materials consist of lessons on 12 topics:
-personal identification;
-conversation with a host counterpart or family;
-general interpersonal communication;
-food;
-money;
-transportation;
-getting and giving directions;
-shopping at the bazaar;
-being invited by a Kirghiz family;
-workplace interactions;
-medical and health issues;
-and interaction with government officials.

Each lesson contains related cultural notes and segments on a number of specific competencies. Each competency is accompanied by a dialogue in Kirghiz, a vocabulary list, grammar and vocabulary notes, and in some cases, a proverb. Appended materials include charts of grammar forms, translations of the dialogues, a Kirghiz-English glossary, a Kirghiz-English supplemental word list by category (occupations, expressions of time, the calendar, signs and directions, useful classroom phrases, colloquial expressions, useful words, numbers), and a list of source materials.

PROGRAMS THAT USED THIS LANGUAGE
Kyrgyzstan: 1993-present

PROGRAM SECTORS
Kyrgyzstan: Education, Community Development, Business Development, Health

Kyrgyz is a language of the Turkic language family and one of the main official languages of Kyrgyzstan, the other one being Russian. It is a member of the Kazakh-Nogai subgroup of the Kypchak languages, and modern day language convergence has resulted in an increasing degree of mutual intelligibility between Kyrgyz and Kazakh. Kyrgyz is spoken by about 4 million people in Kyrgyzstan, China, Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Turkey, Uzbekistan, Pakistan and Russia. Kyrgyz was originally written in the Turkic runes, gradually replaced by an Arabic alphabet (in use until 1928 in USSR, still in use in China). Between 1928 and 1940, the Latin-based Uniform Turkic Alphabet was used.

In 1940 due to general Soviet policy, a Cyrillic alphabet eventually became common and has remained so to this day, though some Kyrgyz still use the Arabic alphabet. When Kyrgyzstan became independent following the Soviet Union's collapse in 1991, there was a popular idea among some Kyrgyz people to make transition to the Latin alphabet (taking in mind a version closer to the Turkish alphabet, not the original alphabet of 19281940), but the plan has not been implemented yet.

Kyrgyz is spoken in: Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan

Kyrgyz is also called: Kara, Kara-Kirgiz, Ke'erkez, Kirghiz, Kirghizi, Kirgiz

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