The Spanish present indicative tense is used when describing events that are currently taking place.

Yo hablo. I speak. I do speak. I am speaking.
Yo hablo enfrente de la clase los viernes. I speak in front of the class on Fridays.

Spanish infinitives are conjugated by dropping the ending (-ar, -er, -ir) and adding a new ending, thus creating a new word. The ending identifies:

1) the tense - when the action of the verb is taking place; and
2) the person - who is performing the action of the verb.

The following charts show the verb “endings” for all regular verbs in the Present Indicative Tense.

Remember: these verb charts are only a tool to use while one is learning the language. In other words, one must eventually forget the verb chart and it must become second nature.

Personal Pronoun Ending Example (hablar)
Yo -o hablo
Tu -as hablas
El/Ella -a habla
Nosotros -amos hablamos
Vosotros -áis habláis
Ellos/Ellas -an hablan
Personal Pronoun Ending Example (compartir)
Yo -o comparto
Tu -es compartes
El/Ella -e comparte
Nosotros -imos compartamos
Vosotros -ís compartís
Ellos/Ellas -en comparten
Personal Pronoun Ending Example (comer)
Yo -o como
Tu -es comes
El/Ella -e come
Nosotros -emos comemos
Vosotros -éis coméis
Ellos/Ellas -en comen

The Present Indicative Tense is used to talk about what is occurring in the “general” present time frame. It is usually not used when talking about something that is actually in progress at the time you are talking about it; for that we use the Present Progressive construction.

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