Now let’s combine the numbers you learned in the previous episode so you can tell the time. When telling time in Spanish all you need to do is start the sentence with “Son las” and add the number.
For example: 3:00 -> Son las tres.
This works for almost any time except one o clock. For 1:00 o’clock you would say “Es la” so “Es la una”. This is because the number one is singular, as opposed to 2, 3, 4, 5, which are plural. The final detail you need to add is simply saying a.m. or p.m.
To specify a.m. in Spanish you would say “de la mañana”, this simply means “in the morning”.
To say p.m. in Spanish you would say “de la tarde” which means “in the afternoon”. If it is after 7:00 pm, you would say “de la noche” which means “at night”. Keep in mind that in most Latin American countries, night starts at 7:00 pm. In some other parts of the world, evening is considered to start after 5:00 pm in the afternoon.
Let’s do some examples:
Example: 3:00 a.m. -> Son las tres de la mañana.
Another Example: 3:00 p.m. -> Son las tres de la tarde.
The only two exceptions here, just like in English, are midnight and noon. To say mid-night you would say “medianoche ” -> “middle of the night”. For noon you would say “mediodía”. This translates into “middle of the day”.
Try a few yourself! I’m going to give you the time in Spanish and whether if it is in the afternoon or morning and you give me the full phrase phrase in Spanish.
Here’s an example, if I say: cinco – pm -> Son las cinco de la tarde. Got it?
Don’t worry if you don’t. We’ll work through the exercise, I’ll give you the question and then we’ll provide the answer a few seconds later, after you had the chance to answer yourself. Repeat it as many times as you need until you got it.
Let’s get started!
|Cuatro – pm||Son las cuatro de la tarde.|
|Siete – am||Son las siete de la mañana.|
|Ocho – pm||Son las ocho de la noche.|
|Doce – pm||Medianoche.|
|Once – a.m.||Son las once de la mañana.|
|Doce – am||Mediodía|
We’ll see you in the next episode!
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