- Most countries in Latin America measure things in the metric system. This means they use kilometers and meters when measuring distance, and kilograms and grams when measuring weight.
- In Spanish if you want to ask the price of a physical good you use the phrase “¿Cuánto cuesta?”. This translates into “How much does it cost?”.
- When you buy multiple items and you want to get the total price, you would say “¿Cuánto es por todo?” which means “How much for everything?”.
- In Spanish the phrase “Aquí tiene” means “Here you go”. This is commonly used when somebody is physically passing you something.
- The phrase “Sí, como no” is used often in Spanish. It translates into the English equivalent of “Of course”. Another way of saying “of course” in Spanish that’s used often is “Claro que si”.
- The word “la carne” translates into “the meat” in English, but it actually refers specifically to beef. If you want to order a specific kind of meat that is not beef, like pork, you will have to specify “carne de puerco”. We’ll cover specific types of meat later in this unit, but just so you’re aware. This is specially important for vegetarians, who sometimes translate the phrase “no como carne” which means, in English, “I don’t eat meat” but in Spanish it actually means “I don’t eat beef” so we actually had friends who have said that in restaurants and they were served chicken, pork or lamb, so just keep this in mind when you’re going to a Spanish speaking country.
- The phrase “Que tenga un buen día” is the Spanish equivalent of “Have a great day”. If you want to say the same thing in the afternoon, you would simply say “que tenga una buena tarde”. For the evening it would be “que tenga una buena noche”.
- If you are come from the US or parts of Europe, you may be used to asking for certain products, like eggs, by the dozen. The word for dozen in Spanish is “docena”, but in most Spanish speaking countries, people will be very confused if you ask for a “dozen” of a certain product. I know this from personal experience when I first moved here. Eggs in Mexico and in other Latin American countries are actually sold by weight, not by dozen, so you would ask for “One kilo of eggs”/ “Un kilo de huevos”. The only exception to this would be in the modern supermarkets. You will see eggs sold by the dozen there, but I’m pretty sure that’s due to US influence more than Latin American culture. In the markets and small corner source, eggs will always be sold by weight.
We’ll see you in the next episode!
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¿Cuánto cuesta un kilo de carne de puerco?
¿Cuánto cuesta un kilo de salmón?
¿Cuánto cuesta un kilo de huevo?
¿Cuánto cuesta un kilo de aguacate?
¿Cuánto cuesta un kilo de tortillas?
¿Cuánto cuesta un kilo de tomates?
Me da un kilo de huevo, medio kilo de aguacate, y un kilo y medio de tortilla. ¿Cuánto cuesta en total?
2 kilos de tomate, un kilo de aguacate, 400 gramos de carne de puerco y un kilo de salmón, por favor.
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