1. dijeron is a Past tense form of a fairly irregular type .
2.Notice that in the English translation the word that’ is left untranslated, even though we can also say ‘They told me that it’d be two.’ This omission in English is very common, but it never happens in Spanish. While there will be a drills on this matter later in this text, it would be well for the student to fix in his mind here and now the fact that the verb ’to say, to tell’ always requires ’that’ after it if there is another verb being introduced by it.
3.Notice that the word le is ‘(to) you’ in the context of the complete utterance. Formal; usage in contexts that mean ‘you’ is actually the same as in those that mean him,her’. The sentence le doy tres can be translated either ‘I’ll give you three’, ‘I’ll give him three’, or ‘I’ll give her three’, and only the context will distinguish which translation is appropriate.
4.One of the very common uses of the definite article in Spanish where it is never used in English is in talking about a person whose name is cited with or or ‘The Mister White’, ‘The Mrs. Smith’, etc.
5.The form lo which appears here in the literal meaning ‘him’, but referring to the person being addressed (that is, ‘you’- see note (3) above), often has the form le in Spain. For this rason a person who plans to go to Spain should practice saying conocerle as well as conocerlo. We will not bother point out this difference throughout this book, since the teacher can readily point out which form he himself uses and that is the one the student should imitate. It may be noted here that the difference between Spain and Latin America on this point is easily stated by rule: the form is used in Latin America only as an indirect clitic form but in Spain it occus also as the direct clitic form if the reference is to a male human being where would be used in Latin America.
6. “Aprendió” is a regular Past I tense form (aprender).
7.The form diga is a command form which can be used with the meaning ‘call’
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