///Making Introductions in Spanish - Translation Drills


OVERVIEW



Both English and Spanish use the concept of number, which distinguishes one (singular) from more than one (plural). English nouns regularly add an ending for plural forms, e.g., the ending of the words 'cats, dogs, horses', the particular ending that appears depending on what sound the singular form ends with. In Spanish the p [lural ending also depends on the last sound of the singular form, though with a different formal: words ending with a vowel add /-s/ with a constant, /-es/ as .

Adjectives in English do not usually change in form when modifying plural nouns: 'the boy - the boys, good book - good books'. However, the indefinite article /a/ (a special kind of adjective) can appear only with singular nouns: 'a boy but 'some boys'; and the demonstratives (another special kind of adjective, often used when pointing) genuinely change when modifying plural nouns: 'this boy - these boys that book - those books'.

Almost all Spanish adjectives change forms for singular and plural in the same way nouns do; that is, add /-s/ if the words ends in a vowel, /-es/ if in a consonant.

The patterns of pluralization of the articles (the special adjectives, equivalent to 'a, an, some, the' in English, used before nouns to limit their application, definitely or indefinitely) are slightly irregular. The irregularities are charted in the presentation of pattern that began this section, with irregular element underlined.


NOTE: There are irregular forms. See appendix for presentation of them.


TRANSLATION DRILLS



1. There're many good schools here.Aqui hay muchas escuelas buenas.
2. There're an excellent school there.Ahi hay una escuela excelente.
3. I always speak with the same ladies.Siempre hablo con las mismas señoras.
4. Can you change some American coins for me?¿Puede cambiarme unas moneda americanas?
5. I haven't got the other dollars now.No tengo los dolares ahora.
6. I have very few bills.Tengo muy pocos billetes.
7. Hand me another pencil.Paseme otro lapiz.
8. Give me the other checks.Deme los otros cheques.
9. I always leave good tips.Siempre doy propinas buenas.


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