Winter, summer, spring, fall—just like in English, the seasons in Spanish describe the changes of the year. Learning how to say the four seasons in Spanish is a great way for beginners to start a conversation using basic Spanish vocabulary.
Ready to get started? Keep reading to perfect the seasons in Spanish. Then don’t forget to practice with your Spanish-speaking friends! If you really want to impress them, check out our Spanish courses to boost your language skills.
|Estaciones del año||Seasons of the Year|
|El Otoño||Autumn or fall|
Just like in English, the seasons are characterized by the longest and shortest days of the year, which vary according to hemisphere. For example, if you live in the northern hemisphere, such as in Spain, your winter months start around December 21.
For those living in the southern hemisphere like in Argentina, December 21st marks the start of the summer season with longer, warmer days.
Here are a few pointers for using seasons in Spanish:
The seasons of the year in Spanish are almost always used with a definite article (el/la/los/las). In many cases, this differs from the English usage:
The same rule also applies when using the season in Spanish in plural form:
You can also use determiners such as este (this) and un (one) to substitute the definite article.
During the winter season, the days shorten, the nights get longer, and temperatures tend to drop. The word invierno derives from the Latin hibernum, which means to "hibernate."
Common vocabulary: El naive (snow), el hielo (ice), los guantes (gloves)
Flowers broom, plants sprout, animals give birth—Spring is the time of year when nature comes back to life. Hence, primavera; prima (first) and ver (to see), the time of year to first see new life.
Common vocabulary: flores (flowers), conejas (rabbits), lluvia (rain)
The days get longer and the temperatures rise during the summer months. El verano comes from the Latin word, veranum, which also refers to this season of the year.Common vocabulary: El sol (sun), la playa (beach), traje de baño (bathing suit)
El otoño tends to mark the harvest season, when farmers gather crops planted earlier in the year. El otoño is a cognate of the English word autumn, as they sound similar and both come from the Latin word, autumnus.
Common vocabulary: Vistoso (colorful), el viento (wind), calabaza (pumpkin)