Peace Corps - Aymara Language Lessons

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US Peace Corps Aymara  - Image COURSE OVERVIEW
The material in this volume was gleaned entirely from educated urban speakers who are bilingual in Spanish. While it may be true that large segments of the Aymara speaking population has either a passive or active knowledge of Spanish, many puzzling questions in our description could benefit from field work conducted among rural monolingual speakers.

The lessons comprise the following sections:
(1) vocabulary,
(2) grammatical analysis,
(3) substitution drills,
(4) completion drills,
(5) questions and answers, and
(6) one or more dialogues. (Description of intonational controls is omitted from the text because the lessons have been recorded on tape; furthermore, an analysis of intonational contours would require much more data and research.) The dialogues serve two purposes: to utilize vocabulary just introduced into the lesson in a more natural framework, and to present useful conversational phrases. New grammatical constructions and vocabulary are treated in the notes accompanying each dialogue. The student should memorize the basic sentence patterns given in each lesson and the conversational phrases presented in the dialogues.

The materials used in this course was recorded systematically in paradigmatic form. Dialogues were then selected for each chapter to match the content of substitution and completion drills. In many cases, new grammatical categories and new vocabulary were introduced at the same time. In the future, given greater familiarity with the material, we might wish to drastically shorten the substitution and completion exercises and to reorder the material more imaginatively. Ultima

PROGRAMS THAT USED THIS LANGUAGE
Peru: 1962 - 1974, 2002 - present
Bolivia: 1962 - 1971, 1990 - 2008
Chile: 1961-1982, 1991-1998

PROGRAM SECTORS
Peru: Youth Development, Small Business Development, Health, Environment
Bolivia: Not Active
Chile: Not Active

Aymara is an Aymaran language spoken by the Aymara people of the Andes. It is one of only a handful of Native American languages with over three million speakers. Aymara, along with Quechua and Spanish, is an official language of Bolivia. It is also spoken around the Lake Titicaca region of southern Peru and, to a much lesser extent, by some communities in northern Chile and in Northwest Argentina. Some linguists have claimed that Aymara is related to its more widely spoken neighbour, Quechua. This claim, however, is disputed although there are indeed similarities such as the nearly identical phonologies, the majority position among linguists today is that these similarities are better explained as areal features resulting from prolonged interaction between the two languages, and that they are not demonstrably related.?

Aymara is spoken in: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Peru

Aymara has no known alternate names.

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