spanish days of the week

The role of Spanish Language in the Current World

Spanish is a major language spoken in 21 countries around the world, spoken by more than 577 million people, according to the Spanish newspaper El País and a report that gathered information from the Cervantes Institute’s published records.

Of those, 480 million people are native speakers of the Spanish language.

The language has taken hold in a number of non-native speaking countries, including the United States. According to Professor David Fernández Vítores of the University of Alcalá, there were 40 million Spanish speakers registered inside the United States of America in 2017.

If the growth tendency continues, in ten years more people will speak Spanish in the United States of America than they do in Spain!

For anyone considering learning a language, Spanish is and will continue among the most valuable in terms of both career and travel advantages.

What are the Days of the Week in Spanish?

days in spanish

Learning the Spanish days of the week is an easy entry point to the Spanish language because even though there are different spoken accents in each territory, these seven words remain unchanged through Spanish speaking nations.

ENGLISH SPANISH
Monday Lunes
Tuesday Martes
Wednesday Miércoles
Thursday Jueves
Friday Viernes
Saturday Sábado
Sunday Domingo

Other basic words and phrases related to Spanish days of the week:

ENGLISH SPANISH
Day Día
Week Semana
Month Mes
Year Año
Calendar Calendario
Weekday Entre semana
Weekend Fin de semana
Next week Siguiente semana

Days in Spanish and their Latin roots

Spanish is a Romance Language along with French and Italian, derived from Vulgar Latin. Hence there are many Latin roots across a wide range of Spanish vocabulary. Look at the following common word examples taken from the Dictionary of the Real Academy of the Spanish Language (Diccionario de la Real Academia de la Lengua Española).

ENGLISH SPANISH LATIN ROOT
Book Libro Liber
Apple Manzana Mattiāna
Door Puerta Porta
Write Escribir Scribĕre.
Eat Comer Comedĕre.
Open Abrir Aperīre

The table below shows the Latin words, either from Classic Latin or Vulgar Latin, from which the names for the days of the week in the Spanish language are derived.

ENGLISH SPANISH LATIN ROOT
Monday Lunes Dies Lunis
Tuesday Martes Dies Martis
Wednesday Miércoles Dies Mercŭris
Thursday Jueves Dies Lovis
Friday Viernes Dies Venĕris
Saturday Sábado Dies Sabbătum
Sunday Domingo Dies Dominĭcus 

Days of the Week in Spanish and the Romance Languages

spanish days of the week

As you may know, Romance languages belong to the Italic line of the Indo-European branch in the language family tree.

Therefore, if you already are a native speaker of French, Romanian or Italian or you have learnt some of these as a second language you will have an advantage over those who haven’t.

Take note of the next comparison table showing the days of the week in five Romance languages: Spanish, French, Italian, Catalan, and Romanian.

SPANISH FRENCH ITALIAN CATALAN ROMANIAN  CELESTIAL BODY
Domingo Dimanche Domenica Diumenge Duminică Sun
Lunes Lundi Lunedi Dilluns Luni Moon
Martes Mardi Mertedi Dimarts Marţi Mars
Miércoles Mercredi Mercoledi Dimecres Miercuri Mercury
Jueves Jeudi Giovedi Dijous Joi Jupiter
Viernes Vendredi Venerdi Divendres Vineri Venus
Sábado Samedi Sabato Dissabte Sâmbătă Saturn

The Roman Calendar and the Days in Spanish

There is a striking resemblance between the names for the days of the week in various Romance languages.

This is due to the fact that, during the span of the Roman Empire, the Latin language was spread across the conquered lands.

Vulgar Latin, from which French, Italian, and Spanish were formed, was actually spoken by soldiers, slaves, and common people.

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Ancient Romans named the days of the week after the Sun, the Moon, and the five planets that were visible to them when they looked at the sky.

Interestingly enough, Sunday was originally derived from the “Sun’s Day,” although was later changed to the “Lord’s Day” once Christianity took hold.

Months of the Year in Spanish

Knowing the days in Spanish and the calendar months is very important for anyone learning the language.

The chart below highlights the similarities between the English and Spanish languages, along with the Latin root of the words from which they originated.

You may wish to use these relationships as cues to memorize the words in Spanish or at least to guess them if you spot them in writing.

ENGLISH SPANISH LATIN ROOT MEANING
January Enero   Lanuarius Month of the God Janus
February Febrero Fe- Februarius Month of expiration/purgation
March Marzo Mar- Martius Month of Mars
April Abril A- Aprīlis Month of Apru/Aphrodite
May Mayo May- Maius Month of Maia
June Junio Jun- Lunius Month of Juno
July Julio Jul- Lulius/Julius Julius Caesar
August Agosto A- Augustus Augustus Caesar
September Septiembre Sept- Septem Seven
October Octubre Oct- Octōber Eight
November Noviembre Nov- Novem Nine
December Diciembre D- Decem Ten

Expressions that include the days of the week in Spanish

what are the days of the week in spanish

The following are informal expressions that include the days of the week in Spanish used in some Spanish speaking countries.

México

SPANISH: Aplicó el “San lunes”.

ENGLISH: To apply the “San lunes.” Since Monday is the first day of the week, this phrase is used when someone skips a commitment such as turning up at work the day after a Bank Holiday or when a person lets you down the day you need them the most.

  • SPANISH: ¡Ya es “juebebes”!
  • ENGLISH: It is already Thurs-drinks-day! Because it is almost the weekend it is appropriate to have a drink. The word is formed combining the words jueves and bebes.
  • SPANISH: Salió con su domingo siete.
  • ENGLISH: She/he came out with her/his Sunday seven. It is intended to be malicious when referring to someone that has disappointed you.

Colombia and Venezuela

  • SPANISH: ¡Miércoles! Olvidé llamar a mi madre.
  • ENGLISH: Sh*t! I forgot to call my mother. The meaning of this one is pretty obvious.

Spain

  • SPANISH: Dar a alguien con la del martes.
  • ENGLISH: Even though there is no direct translation it means to cause moral or physical damage to another person.
  • SPANISH: Cosa del otro jueves.
  • ENGLISH: That happened on a prior Thursday. It is used to denote an extraordinary event or something that happened a long time ago.

Beyond learning the days of the week in Spanish

Whether you’re looking to travel to a Spanish-speaking country, give your professional resume a boost, or just take up a new challenge, learning Spanish is a smart move.

In fact, the British Council noted that Spanish is the most important foreign language to learn for residents of the United Kingdom.

Spanish opens the door to an array of cultures around the Americas, Europe, and Africa.

We want to help you to see the success that you’re after. Sign up for our FREE Spanish Survival Crash Course and have learning material, tips, audio lessons, and more sent right to your inbox:

spanish days of the week

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